In 2003, within the borders of Merkezefendi and Pamukkale Districts, Eskihisar, Bozburun, Goncalı, and Laodikeia Antique City, located in the ancient city of Laodikeia, since 2003, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage and Museums and the Council of Ministers on behalf of Pamukkale University. .Dr. Celal Şimşek conducts.
At the end of the institutional excavations and researches over 12 months in Laodikeia, the settlement of the city was BC. It started from 5500 and MS. 7th century It was revealed that it continued until the big earthquake that occurred at the beginning. According to this, Rhoas, the first name of the ancient city, then Diospolis (City of Zeus), 3rd century BC during the Hellenistic Period. From the middle of the King of Seeukos II. It was named Laodikeia because of the wife of Antiochus Laodike. With the full Turkification of the region in 1206 AD, the name became Ladik. Due to the richness of the lake and water resources located in the middle of the plain, Ladik name has turned into Denizli.
The brightest time of Laodikeia is M.S. 1.-3. century, the second bright period of M.S. 4 through 6. Between the 19th century. The city, which has one of the 7 churches of Anatolia, became a religious center in the metropolitan level in the early Byzantine Period. 4th century AD As of Laodikeia was the center of the cross of Christians.
The most important source of income of the city is trade because the roads are at the crossroads. Textile trade comes first. Laodikeia fabrics, which are famous for the world in the city, are produced to appeal to all segments and are included in the price edict published by Emperor Diokletianus in 301 AD for this quality. It is important in a grave stone found in Lyon, France and dated to the Roman Imperial Period, "The merchant who sells Laodikeia fabrics here lies Julius Veracundus." On the other hand, marble, grain and livestock trade also provided significant revenues to the city. Laodicea has an active banking system in the ancient period. Talking about the richness and gold of the city in the Bible is an indication of this. Especially in the 4th century AD. Due to the liberation of Christianity at the beginning, Laodikeia was raised to the level of Metropolitan by having one of the First Seven Churches.
The inscriptions on the North Theater seating steps in the ancient city of Laodikeia revealed that the regional cities (Hierapolis, Kolossai, Attouda, Trapezopolis) had seating places, on the other hand, the city's artisans' guilds, tradesmen and well-known families had private seating. This reveals that the cities of the region gathered from time to time in terms of trade, branding, quality and laws in the ancient period. Therefore, it is important in terms of demonstrating that trade based troops came together thousands of years ago and that today's European Union System was first established in the region.
The city is arranged in a hippodomic (grid) plan, consisting of main streets and side streets crossing each other at right angles. Spreading on an area of about 5 km², Laodikeia is one of the most important and surviving structures; We can count the largest stadium in Anatolia, 2 theaters, 4 huge bath complexes, 5 agora (trade shopping area), 5 monumental public fountains (nymphaeum), 4 main entrance doors, parliament building (bouleuterion), temples, churches and monumental streets. Necropolis (cemetery) surrounded the four sides of the city.
At the end of the excavation and restoration works in Laodikeia; Excavation and restoration of the stadium and Syria Street, the side street reaching the North Theater, House A side streets, House A, Latrina (Public Toilet), Jockey Club Building of the Greens, Central Agora, Central Agora Memorial Column, Excavation and restoration of Temple A. completed. The excavation of Laodikeia Church was completed and the upper protection roof was built. Excavations of the Central Church, Peristylli House with Church, B Nymphaeum, Emperor S. Severus Nymphaeumu, Structure C have been completed and restoration work is still ongoing. Excavation and restoration work is carried out together in the Northern (Holy) Agora and its porticos and Propylons.
Laodikeia was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, with reference number 5823, on 15.04.2013.
Visitors toured the world in 2015 by the end of Tripadvisor reviews indicate their tastes and on the web page, the ancient city of Laodicea for Turkey was appreciated by travelers as one of the best in the industry. This appreciation will contribute greatly to the recognition of the city in the world with the excavation and restoration works in the city. On the other hand, European Union EUROPA NOSTRA jury special award has been received considering the meticulous work done in the excavation and restoration works in Laodikeia Church in 2016.
Excavations at the Ancient City of Laodikeia have been carried out for 12 months without any closure since 2008.