Pottery, swords-wedges, spearheads, seals, idols, bones, stone and metal tools and jewelery unearthed from the cultural layers of Arslantepe Mound starting from the Chalcolithic Age to the Late Hittite Age are exhibited. Moreover, pottery, statuettes, stone and bone tools, casting molds, jewelery, etc. unearthed in the rescue works of Caferhöyük, Pirot, Değirmentepe, İmamoğlu, Köşgerbaba Mound as well as other artifacts collected from other rescue excavations and findings such as pottery, metal artifacts, statues etc. of Urartu, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk Periods brought to the museum are exhibited. Part of the museum at the ground floor houses an antique coin section arranged chronologically.
Malatya has always been an important place between Mesopotamia, where the oldest and the most advanced civilizations emerged in ancient times, and Central Anatolia. Malatya’s geopolitical importance occupies a special place in terms of its location providing natural passages for prehistoric and historical caravan roads. Besides this geopolitical location, the contribution of water, which is an important factor in the development of civilizations, cannot be ignored. Malatya, where the Euphrates River, Tohma Creek and many other large and small streams pass through, has maintained its importance in Anatolia since 8000 BC until today. In this respect, the artifacts in the Malatya Archaeological Museum shed light on the cultural history of the region.